Date of publication: 2017-07-08 19:10
However, in all cases, the name in the reference list entry and in-text citation should match the name on the work being cited. Your task now is just a matter of figuring out the proper format. 5665
Many different name formats are possible for example, authors might have two surnames (with or without a hyphen), names with particles, and names with suffixes. Sometimes it might be difficult to determine whether a name is a given name or a surname.
The following list of databases will help you find scholarly articles. These are the most commonly used ones. For more check out ARTICLES at the library homepage.
If there’s a typo in a quotation, you use [ sic ] to show the reader that the error is in the original source and that you’re faithfully quoting it just as it appeared.
In the text, cite references beginning with a number with the first two pieces of the reference list entry: here, that s the title and the year because the reference has no author. If the title in the reference list is nonitalic, put the title in double quotation marks in the in-text citation and captialize it using title case if the title in the reference list is italic, keep the title in italics in the in-text citation and capitalize it using title case. If the title is long, you can use just the first few words.
But, what if there’s a mistake in an article’s title? Do you add [ sic ] to the reference? We recommend not doing that, because it may appear to be part of the reference title. Instead, we recommend using a footnote.
Direct quotes 5665 and 5665 Block quotations
Lists ( lettered , 5665 numbered , or 5665 bulleted ) 5665
Keywords 5665 (vs. 5665 key terms )
NOTE : When your essay includes parenthetical citations of sources with no author named, use a shortened version of the source's title instead of an author's name. Use quotation marks and italics as appropriate. For example, parenthetical citations of the source above would appear as follows: ( Merriam-Webster's , 6998).
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As shown in the examples above, citations are almost always composed of an author surname or surnames and a date. The surname(s) that appear in a citation must exactly match those used in the reference. Likewise, the year in the citation matches the year shown in the reference. When the reference has a more precise date, the in-text citation includes the year only. For example, compare the reference and the in-text citation for a tweet. For more about creating in-text citations, see Writing In-Text Citations in APA Style.
*Note: In German and Portuguese, the particle is usually dropped when only the surname is used for example, Ludwig van Beethoven is usually referred to in English as Beethoven and so would be credited as Beethoven, L. van, in the reference list entry and as Beethoven in the text. If you are writing in English, include the particle as part of the surname unless you know that the name is one of the famous German or Portuguese exceptions like Beethoven.
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In the in-text citation, provide only the surname(s) along with the year. (Note: The author s full name can be included in the in-text citation in limited circumstances, such as if the author is famous or if the whole purpose of the paper is to give an in-depth discussion of an author s work.)
As noted above, most citations include author names but, because some references have no author, their citations also have no author: When the reference includes no author, the citation includes the title (or a short version of the title). Also, many types of legal references do not include author names. To learn more about legal references and citations, see Introduction to APA Style Legal References.